On November 25, Kharkivites honored the victims of the 85th anniversary of Holodomor also known as the Terror-Famine and Famine-Genocide.
In the morning, the ceremony of laying flowers and lighting candles was held at the Memorial to Holodomor victims. City residents, students, and schoolchildren, and local authorities took part in the event. Notably, the memorial is located on the city’s boundaries, in memory of people who were forbidden to cross this border in search of food.
On the same day, Museum of Holodomor Victims, commemorating three waves of famine in 1921-1923, 1932-1933, 1946-1947, was opened at the memorial. The museum presents diaries of Kharkiv residents, who survived the famine in the 1920s-1930s. There are also utensils, rushnyky (embroidered towels), clothes, household items, pictures and books on those tragic events in Ukrainian history.
Commemorative activities took place in Molodizhnyi Park and Maidan Svobody. Ukrainian Leadership Academy students held “Uncounted since 1932” remembrance action to honor millions of Ukrainians who suffered from communist regime’s artificial hunger.
The students organized a “street restaurant,” a field kitchen where people could try what our predecessors ate during the famine — soup made of bark and leaves, bread cooked from the soil, roots and herbs. The action was aimed to honor the memory of the dead and not to forget victims of the Soviet government crimes against humanity.
Also, at 4 p.m., Kharkivites gathered on Maidan Svobody to join the all-Ukrainian commemorative action “Light a Candle.” Dozens of people laid out a cross out of candle lamps to the memory of all who died those years. Candles were also lit in the windows of the Kharkiv Regional State Administration.
“Light a Candle” action was also supported in some European countries, in particular, Warsaw, Poland and in Prague, Czech Republic. Commemorative events were also held around the world, including Australia and Canada. The US State Department called the Ukrainian Holodomor the most brutal crime of communism.
Reference: The Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Holodomor is an annual national memorial day, which is held in Ukraine on the fourth Saturday of November since 1998. More than 20 countries recognized the famine of 1932–1933 as the genocide of the Ukrainian nation. According to different sources, a tragedy took away from three to ten million lives. Most Ukrainians died from starvation in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Odesa, Chernihiv, Zhytomyr, Poltava, Sumy and Cherkasy regions.
Text: Natalia Ivanova
Photo: Vgorode, Objectiv.tv, Nakipelo